Publication ethics and misconduct
Statement on Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice
This statement is based on COPE’s Code of Conduct an internationally accepted Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors that explains ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article for journals, i.e.:
the author, the Editor in Chief, the peer-reviewers and the publisher.
The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. In order to publish high-quality scientific resources, public trust in findings, and credit for people's ideas, the ethical standards for publication are followed:
Duties of Editors
Article Publication Decision: Possible decisions based on the double blind peer review are: accept as is, minor revision, major revision, or reject.
Honesty and Fair Play: Editors will not give any consideration on authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political context, movements and rituals.
Confidentiality: They must not disclose any information about submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher.
Disclosure and Conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials are not allowed in submitted manuscript without the express written consent of the author.
Involvement and Cooperation in Investigations
Duties of Reviewers
Double Blind Peer Review and Contribution to Editorial Decision
Punctuality and Promptness
Confidentiality of Results, Reports and Decisions
Standards of Objectivity: Reviewers express their comments and views clearly without personal criticism of the author and with supporting arguments and reviews.
Acknowledgement of Source: Reviewer particularly focuses on substantial similarity or overlap between the submitted manuscript and other published resources.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Reviewers should not accept to review a manuscript if a conflict of interest exists.
Duties of Authors
Submission: Before submission, the authors should make sure that the manuscript being submitted IS NOT a plagiarized and duplicated manuscript, published previously and IS NOT being submitted for publication elsewhere.
Reporting Standards, Accurate Data, Sufficient Detail and References
Data Access and Retention: providing the raw data to editor if needed.
Falsification and Fabrication
Authorship of the Paper: The significant contributors should be listed as co-authors. Other contributors can be acknowledged. The corresponding author is solely responsible for communicating with the journal editors and with managing communication between coauthors. Before submission, the corresponding author ensures that all authors are included in the author list, its order has been agreed by co-authors, and that all authors are aware that the paper was submitted.
Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All sources of financial support for the project or any substantive conflict of interest that might be interpreted to influence the results of the paper should be disclosed.
Promptly Notifying the Fundamental Errors in Published Works
Duties of the Publisher
We are committed to ensuring that commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, Scienceline journals will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful to editors. The publisher also has the right to consult with the editor of the journals every year and, if necessary, make changes to improve the publications to the highest possible level. Finally, we are working closely with other publishers and industry associations to set standards for best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions--and are prepared to provide specialized legal review and counsel if necessary. To better understanding how publishers and editors work together please visit here (topics are: Selecting a good editor, How publishers and editors work together, Changing editors ...).
In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in Scienceline journals, the following sanctions can be applied:
• Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript, every other manuscript submitted to our journals by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript.
• Prohibition against all of this manuscript's authors for any new submissions, either individually or in combination with other authors and also serving on the Editorial Board of Scienceline Journals, for a minimum of five years.
• If the violations of the policies are found to be particularly outrageous, the publisher reserves the right to impose additional sanctions.
Peer review is at the heart of the processes and the success of not just journals but of all of science. It is the method by which grants are allocated, papers published, academics promoted, and Nobel prizes won (Richard Smith, 2006). As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer review process, our journals have an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism (including self-plagiarism). All manuscripts will be checked by Docol©c, a plagiarism finding tool. The received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 10% for research papers and 20% for review papers are immediately rejected (See sample of Docol©c-Report).
1. Publication and authorship:
- list of references, financial support;
- no plagiarism, no fraudulent data;
- forbidden to publish same research in more than one journal.
2. Author's responsibilities:
- authors obliged to participate in peer review process;
- all authors have significantly contributed to the research;
- statement that all data in article are real and authentic;
- all authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
3. Peer review / responsibility for the reviewers:
- Judgments should be objective;
- reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders;
- reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited;
- reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.
4. Editorial responsibilities:
- e.g. editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article;
- editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject/accept;
- only accept a paper when reasonably certain;
- when errors are found, promote publication of correction or retraction;
- preserve anonymity of reviewers.
5. Publishing ethics issues:
- Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board;
- Guidelines for retracting articles;
- Maintain the integrity of the academic record;
- Preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;
- Always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed;
- no plagiarism, no fraudulent data.
Scienceline journals licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:
1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.
2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
(Revised on 09 January 2021)